Reading Questions: Chapter 14 & 15 (Origins and Evolution)
388-393 & 401-421
1.) What is the difference between spontaneous generation and biogenesis?
2.) What did Stanley Miller and Harold Urey attempt to prove?
3.) The endosymbiont theory explains how eukaryotic cells may have evolved. Read page 393 & look at fig 14.5. Describe this theory in your own words (3-5 sentences)
4.) Who is considered the father of modern evolutionary theory?
5.) The theory of natural selection is depicted on page 403. Put the theory in your own words.
6.) A human arm, crocodile forelimb, and whale fin have basically the same structure. These are examples of _____________________________ structures. (same structure, different function)
7.) Butterfly wings and bird wings are examples of ______________________ structures. (different structure, same function)
8.) Give an example of a vestigial structure
9.) Look carefully at fig 15.15 (pg 416) What are the 3 types of natural selection?
10.) The evolution of a new species is called_____________________________?
11.) What is the difference between gradualism and punctuated equilibrium?
12.) Give an example of divergent evolution.
13.) Hummingbird moths are night-flying insects whose behavior and appearance are similar to those of hummingbirds. Explain how this demonstrates convergent evolution.
ANALOGOUS STRUCTURE ARTIFICIAL SELECTION CAMOUFLAGE
HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURE MIMICRY NATURAL SELECTION
VESTIGIAL STRUCTURE ADAPTIVE RADIATION ALLELIC FREQUENCY
CONVERGENT EVOLUTION DIVERGENT EVOLUTION GENETIC DRIFT
DIRECTIONAL SELECTION GENE POOL GRADUALISM
DISRUPTIVE SELECTION GENETIC EQUILIBRIUM GEOGRAPHIC ISOLATION
POLYPLOID PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM SPECIATION
REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION STABILIZING SELECTION CHARLES DARWIN