Reading Questions: Chapter 14 & 15 (Origins and Evolution)

388-393 & 401-421

Name__________________________________________________________________________________

 

1.) What is the difference between spontaneous generation and biogenesis?

 

 

2.) What did Stanley Miller and Harold Urey attempt to prove?

 

 

3.) The endosymbiont theory explains how eukaryotic cells may have evolved. Read page 393 & look at fig 14.5. Describe this theory in your own words (3-5 sentences)

 

 

 

 

 

4.) Who is considered the father of modern evolutionary theory?

 

 

5.) The theory of natural selection is depicted on page 403. Put the theory in your own words.

 

 

 

6.) A human arm, crocodile forelimb, and whale fin have basically the same structure. These are examples of _____________________________ structures. (same structure, different function)

 

7.) Butterfly wings and bird wings are examples of ______________________ structures. (different structure, same function)

 

8.) Give an example of a vestigial structure

 

 

9.) Look carefully at fig 15.15 (pg 416) What are the 3 types of natural selection?

 

 

 

 

10.) The evolution of a new species is called_____________________________?

 

11.) What is the difference between gradualism and punctuated equilibrium?

 

 

 

 

 

12.) Give an example of divergent evolution.

 

 

 

13.) Hummingbird moths are night-flying insects whose behavior and appearance are similar to those of hummingbirds. Explain how this demonstrates convergent evolution.

 

 

VOCABULARY

ANALOGOUS STRUCTURE                                  ARTIFICIAL SELECTION                       CAMOUFLAGE

HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURE                              MIMICRY                                                                NATURAL SELECTION

VESTIGIAL STRUCTURE                                      ADAPTIVE RADIATION                          ALLELIC FREQUENCY

CONVERGENT EVOLUTION                                 DIVERGENT EVOLUTION                     GENETIC DRIFT

DIRECTIONAL SELECTION                                  GENE POOL                                           GRADUALISM       

DISRUPTIVE SELECTION                                     GENETIC EQUILIBRIUM                        GEOGRAPHIC ISOLATION

POLYPLOID                                                            PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM               SPECIATION         

REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION                               STABILIZING SELECTION                     CHARLES DARWIN

JEAN LAMARK